Many users and rights activists in the United States have lobbied for a law, allowing manufacturers to change their own habits of several devices. The law on the right to repair was adopted, and so the manufacturers successfully resisted attempts to pass relevant laws, and so were the most successful one in New York.
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In a separate report, New York became the first state to approve a R2R. Local lawmakers adopted the so-called. Digital Fair Repair Act (DFRA), which was backed back in June by both the party’s ruling parties. For the new-elected Gov. Kathy Hochul had until the end of December 28 to either sign the bill or to vote for it or let the bill pass without the signature.
As of April 2021, 27 states of the United States have pending bills to prevent small businesses from using equipment in a number of industries from getting themselves repaired. However, the bill, approved by Governor Hochul, was the first in those states to pass all the necessary procedures on the way into force. However, supporters of the right to repair aren’t comfortable with the changes taken literally the last moment.
To be honest, there are few amendments to the law and the same rule, where the law hardly applies for devices manufactured, sold or used in the state once the year 1st of July 2023. In other words, companies won’t be required to sell parts, tools and manuals for equipment already purchased and rented in the next month. Moreover, the law doesn’t apply to corporations and government organizations in principle.
According to Bloomberg, there’s a number of additional restrictions. For example, a manufacturer may provide modules not individual, but whole modules, if the failure of the assembly increases the risk of damages, manufacturers are not required to produce technology for modifying devices, provide information about household appliances by integrated digital electronics, and inform the company of the equipment’s repair in violation of federal laws. Law does not apply to cars, medical equipment, or other equipment.
In other words, users can’t exercise full responsibilities. Many activists, including the well-known portal iFixit, are satisfied with the decision, but many activists criticized it for the halfheartedness and nullified all their efforts in the previous year.
Manufacturing themselves are dissatisfied with the introduction of the new law, and argue, among other things, it threatens to leak intellectual property because of the obligation to provide guidance and instruction.
One way or another, most realize New York established a precedent that could serve as a benchmark for other states and, ultimately, for countries around the world. However, far-sighted vendors are making progress towards their customers already. Just recently, Apple added new types of hardware to the company’s self-repair program Mac desktops and studio displays.
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